Skill Mapping Study in JJ Clusters of East Delhi
Skill mapping is a comprehensive way of knowing the skill levels and potentials of the people concerned. It assists equally to identify areas where there is a deficiency in skills and where appropriate training is required for improvement. Hence, it has become a powerful instrument for identifying skill gaps and assisting people with their re-skilling or up-skilling.
In mid-2020, the Planning Department and the Directorate of Economics and Statistics (DES), GNCTD undertook a Skill Mapping Study in JJ clusters of East Delhi. Dialogue and Development Commission of Delhi (DDC) advised the Planning Department and DES on the design of a skill demand survey for all the youth in selected slum clusters of Delhi. DDC assisted in survey design as well as framing the RFP for the survey.
The study was conducted by Indian Adult Education Association, New Delhi and its report was published in September 2021.
The primary objective for this study on the basis of which the survey was conducted includes the following:
- To observe the Socio-Economic Status of residents of JJ Clusters in East Delhi District;
- General and technical education level of individuals residing in these clusters in the age group 15-45 years and their employment status as of date;
- Participation in skilling programmes or acquisition of skills (formal and non-formal) by the residents.
- Field of interest with regard to gaining skills and devotion of time and other limitations in acquiring skills.
- 59.29% of the population sampled was in the most economically active age group, out of which 26.58% were unemployed or looking for a job.
- 15% rate of illiteracy followed by another 11% of the respondents having only a rudimentary level of literacy.
- Only 7.66% of the respondents have acquired skills through informal means whereas a massive 92.34% have no such exposure.
- Only 6% of the respondents have some sort of technical degree. Out of these, only a meagre 2% of respondents are having a technical diploma or certificate at graduation and postgraduation level.
- 63% of the respondents were found to be interested in receiving skill training, with people between the age of 13-35 years most eager to receive skill training.
- Huge demand for self-development skills including reading/writing in Hindi, reading/writing in English, working on the computer, surfing the internet and learning simple arithmetic and pure technical skills appropriate for job roles in the field of their preference namely beauty and wellness; information technology and IT enabled services; textiles and handlooms and apparels; arts and cottage based production; work related to childcare, nutrition, pre-school and crèche; electrical, power and electronics; office and business related work; automotive and civil engineering-construction, plumbing, paints and coatings.
- Literacy programmes to promote functional literacy must be introduced.
- Increase the number of Jan Shiksha Sansthan, which provide training to adults above the age of 15 and widen the base of already existing programmes like 'Technical Education Community Outreach Scheme (TECOS)' to bridge the gap.
- The durability of any course design must also take into account the time JJ communities can spend on these courses. Based on the findings, 6- 12 month courses with 10-20 hours of training every week are recommended.
- Women-specific training centres may be started with a focus on beauty and wellness; information technology; textiles and handlooms and apparel; arts and cottage-based production; work related to childcare, nutrition, preschool and creche.
- Extension branches of ITIs, polytechnics, technical institutions and Delhi Skills and Entrepreneurship University may be opened nearby.